Cargo ship S/S Monrosa
In July of 2003 at open sea of Anavissos, after serious and intense researches using sonar underwater system (dip meter), the exact spot of the cargo ship “Monrosa” was detected by Antony Grafas.
It is mentioned that the Italian cargo steam ship “Monrosa” (ex Intiano, ex Indus), with a volume of 6703 gross registered tonnage, a total length of 428 feet, constructed in 1920 at J. Coughlan & sons shipyard, belonging at Navigazione Alta Italia Soc.anon company, on 25/10/1941, escorted by some destroyers, was going to Piraeus without cargo, when it was shot by the English submarine HMS Triumph with 3 torpedoes. The destroyers tried to fight against the submarine but the latter managed to dive and disappear from their point of view. On Sunday, 3 August 2003, the first dive took place in order to tape and collect information concerning the wreck and its location in the sea bottom.
The wreck is sat on the sea bottom with its bow to the south and its stern to the north. There is a big hole at the left side of ship bottom near the stern in a depth of 85 meters, caused by a torpedo. Two big faults have been noticed: the first one is at the stern starting from the right side of the ship and the second one is at the right side of ship bottom near the center.The anchors are in their position, at mooring, and from the left side of the bow there is a rope, probably thrown by the crew that tried to tow the boat.
The wreck’s minimum depth is 70 meters and the maximum is 90 meters, where is located the ship bottom.
At this wreck, no victims had been mentioned.
Sources Christos Ntounis wrecks at Greek seas 1900-2000 volume A
Antonis Koiverakis,Kostas Thoctaridis.
Byron Tesapsides.Allied submarine operations in Greece during World War ll.1941-1944 [email protected]
Builder: Vickers Armstrong, Barrow
Laid down: 19 March 1937
Launched: 16 February 1938
Commissioned: 2 May 1939
Fate: sunk 14 January 1942
Class & type: British T class submarine
Displacement: 1,090 tons surfaced
1,575 tons submerged
Length: 275 ft (84 m)
Beam: 26 ft 6 in (8.08 m)
Draught: 16.3 ft (5.0 m)
Twin diesel engines 2,500 hp (1.86 MW) each
Twin electric motors 1,450 hp (1.08 MW) each
15.25 knots (28.7 km/h) surfaced
9 knots (20 km/h) submerged
Range: 4,500 nautical miles at 11 knots (8,330 km at 20 km/h) surfaced
Test depth: 300 ft (91 m) max
6 internal forward-facing torpedo tubes
4 external forward-facing torpedo tubes
6 reload torpedoes
4 inch (100 mm) deck gun
The ship is at an upright position in the sea bottom, the bow at the north axis and the stern at the south axis. The anchors are at their position. A huge crane is still there waiting to load and unload the big three-level holds of the ship. The main part of the ship is there with some small damages at its superstructure. Ropes, small iron pillars and materials compose the scenery of the wreck at the part of the bridge. The biggest damage of the ship has been done at the bow. At the right side with direction to the bow there is a crack as well as at the left side with direction to the stern, as it is obvious at the video, and all these maybe happened because of the submarine’s torpedo that hit it.
The bow has undergone the biggest damage as some parts of its superstructure have been demolished. At the right side there is a huge crack. The ship was hit by the submarine at the bow. It sank by hitting first this part of the ship and that is why the most damages are there. The propeller and the rudder are not even visible, because either they stuck in the sand or they had been destroyed by the crash. In any case, Monrosa is big and gracious, ready to offer to the visitor unique moments of thrill and emotion. What it only takes to do is for the visitor to wander around both its obvious and hidden parts.